what were the outcomes of the second punic war?

(300 words or more Original NO copy paste) Expert Answer . Cite This Work Second Punic War. The Romans also took possession of southern Spain. Carthage was in a difficult situation after the defeat of the First Punic War. First Punic War - Roman victory - Carthage lost control of Sicily to Rome Second Punic War - Roman victory - Carthage lost control of all of it's territory apart from the city itself. The First Punic War had shown that Rome could not be defeated from the outside, but perhaps fighting in its own territory and stirring up rebellions, it might be defeated from within. Hannibal grew up in military service, and following the 221 BC assassination of his brother-in-law Hasdrubal, who had replaced Hamilcar, Hannibal took charge of the Carthaginian army. Then, in 204 BCE, with a force of around 30,000 men and 440 ships, he crossed to North Africa in three days. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The expedition was not without cost. Rome might have feared a land battle but they were still masters of the seas, and this meant that Hannibal could not be resupplied. The Romans, though, had missed a trick. The outbreak of the Second Punic War began when Hannibal moved north across Ebro to begin his historic march over the Alps. Macedon too was brought into the war. The Carthaginians were led by Hannibal, one of the most gifted commanders in history, but the Romans had their own great general Scipio Africanus, and it was he who attacked Carthage on home soil, beating Hannibal and delivering final victory. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Books The biggest spectacle of the Second Punic War was the rise of Hannibal … This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. In 264 B.C., Rome became involved in what later became the Punic Wars. What were the outcomes of the second Punic War? The government of Carthage was divided over their support for Hannibal in Spain and they were not really in favor of another war with Rome. The Barcid was the main driver of the conflict between Carthage and Rome. Brief history of governance Expert Answer . At the time, they were one of the largest wars that had ever taken place. What were the outcomes of the second Punic War? For 17 years the two states struggled for supremacy, primarily in Italy and Iberia, but also on the islands of Sicily and Sardinia and, towards the end of the war, in North Africa. Hannibal rose to become a great leader of the Carthaginians that can be regarded as a huge spectacle of the war. Back in Spain, Scipio Africanus was gaining local allies, and he defeated a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal at Baecula in 208 BCE. The Punic Wars were a series of three wars between 264 and 146 BC fought by the states of Rome and Carthage.The First Punic War broke out in Sicily in 264 BC as a result of Rome's expansionary attitude combined with Carthage's proprietary approach to the island. In 205 BCE, after being appointed consul, Scipio crossed the Mediterranean to Sicily and strengthened his army. Led by Mago, Hannibal’s brother, the 14,000-strong force suffered from an inability to land closer to Hannibal’s army because of Roman naval dominance and their control of the major ports. Web. Carthage made overtures for peace in 203 BCE, perhaps only to allow Hannibal time to come back home as indicated by their treatment of a Roman transport fleet blown off course in 202 BCE. First, Carthage was one of Rome’s rivals that tended to be a thorn in their side, at least for a time. Roman Beach Attackby The Creative Assembly (Copyright). Hannibal, a sworn enemy of all things Roman, declared war against them and this was the start of the Second Punic, of their significance. The interval between the First and Second Punic Wars (241–218 bce) The loss of naval supremacy not only deprived the Carthaginians of their predominance in the western Mediterranean but exposed their overseas empire to disintegration under renewed attacks by Rome. Rome thought it would be easy to defeat Hannibal, but Hannibal was full of surprises, including his manner of entering the Italic peninsula from Spain. After Scipio sent a force to establish Masinissa on the throne and capture Syphax, the Numidian threat was removed. This was the so-called ‘Fabian policy’ after Fabius Maximus Verrucosus, the dictator of 217 BCE, who earned the nickname ‘Cunctator’ (Delayer). To subtract these influences from our ethos would leave a cavernous hole in our western identities. He had lost his power over Mediterranean Sea; losing Sicily and the compensation imposed on him by Rome greatly affected his economy. The clock was ticking and Rome had time on their side. Hannibal established his reputation for near invincibility when he won a battle at the Ticinus (Ticino) river near Pavia and again at the Trebia River in December 218 BCE. August – Hannibal conquered Catalonia. Carthage had been colonized by the Phoenicians, and came to be a powerful capital, While the governments of Rome and Carthage around the times of the Punic wars might look similar as drawn in organisational chart fashion, reflecting structural similarities, there were important differences in the allocation of responsibilities, concepts of citizenship and the scope and exercise of power. Rather, his campaigns in Italy sought to compel Rome to recognise Carthage’s claim on its empire. Saguntum was retaken but both Roman commanders, P. Cornelius Scipio and Gn. In spite of the fact that most Roman senators wanted a good rationalization for face-to-face meeting, they couldn’t reject the, encountered many wars and battles, they didn’t win all of their battles; however, they’ve learned through their failures to improve upon the progress of their society. The theatres of war in Spain, Sicily, and Italy were now almost played out and attention turned to Africa. In 212-211 BCE, when Capua was besieged by six Roman legions, Hannibal tried to make them withdraw by feigning a march on Rome, but the ruse failed. The outcome of these wars determined the nation to dominate the Mediterranean for years to come, and the largest of the wars was the Second Punic War. Further, Carthage could not make war without Rome’s permission, had to recognise the territories of the new Numidian king Masinissa, and pay in reparations to Rome the huge sum of 10,000 talents over the next half century. Second Punic War, also called Second Carthaginian War, second (218–201 bce) in a series of wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire that resulted in Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean. Hannibal expected Rome to attack his position in Spain and, indeed, a Roman army was sent there with 60 quinqueremes under the command of P. Cornelius Scipio while another one sailed for Sicily. By now Carthage controlled half of the Iberian Peninsula. 50,000 of the enemy were killed compared to 5,700 on Carthaginian side, most of those being Gauls. A similar sized army was sent in an unsuccessful attempt to take Sardinia back for Carthage. Outcome- In the Second Punic War, the incomparable Carthaginian general Hannibal attacked Italy and scored extraordinary triumphs at Lake Trasimene and Cannae before his inevitable destruction on acco view the full answer. Almost inevitably, Mago was unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army was defeated in Cisalpine Gaul in 203 BCE. After a period of hesitant peace negotiations, which may only have been offered for Scipio to gain intelligence on the enemy positions, the Roman general divided his force in two and attacked the camps of Syphax and Gisgo at night. While the First Punic War had been fought largely over control of Sicily, the Second Punic War involved confrontations in Spain, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, and North Africa. In the so-called Truceless War (also Mercenary War) between 241 and 237 BCE, Carthage had to put down a joint rebellion of mercenary troops, understandably upset at not having been paid for their efforts in the first Punic War, Libyan groups, and several cities such as Tunis and Utica. Even with the outcomes of the Punic Wars being what they were, their effects on Rome were both positive and negative, ultimately leading to the fall of the Roman Republic. A Roman army was then defeated in Gaul in 216 BCE, but their fortunes slowly began to improve. Their adversaries known as the Carthaginians were an advanced, time Rome expanded its’ empire and grew in power, it also had many rivals to that power. Hannibal surprised them by deciding to invade Italy. The strategy of Fabius, although interrupted occasionally by zealous commanders eager for glory in their one year of office as consul, was slowly working and, relentlessly, the Romans backed Hannibal into an ever-smaller pocket so that by 207 BCE he controlled only Bruttium. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The two commanders actually met in person in a conference where Hannibal perhaps requested a peace settlement but Scipio was probably keen to end the long war with a showpiece battle and earn himself a triumph back in Rome. Following the terms of surrender in 241 BCE, Carthage, having lost the longest war in ancient history up to that point, agreed to withdraw from Sicily and pay reparations to Rome of 3,200 talents. Rome then could establish firm control over the island by 210 BCE. Hannibal had employed his customary tactics of high mobility in the field too and enveloped the enemy while his cavalry attacked the rear. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. The Romans took over the Carthaginian mantle as the rulers of the seas and so, if Carthage were to wrest control back from its arch-enemy, it would have to fight on land, and that required money, lots of it. (Chris Scarre, 24-25) The word Punic comes from the Latin derivation of the word Punicus which translates to "Carthaginian", referring to the Carthaginian’s Phoenician ancestors. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Scipio fielded 30,000 infantry and 5,500 cavalry, which included 6,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry from Masinissa. Second Punic War events The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Second Punic War 218 B.C. Under Philip V, the Macedonians proved no match for the Roman general Marcus Valerius Laevinus, and Macedon was forced out of the Adriatic and into a war with the Aetolian Confederacy in north-west Greece. Hasdrubal the Fair took over from Hamilcar Barca following his death by drowning in 229 BCE and added another 10,000 infantry to his force and 8,000 cavalry, while his war elephants also doubled to 200. They were then herded back in the direction of the Carthaginians to cause havoc there. Carthage declined and Rome declared war in March 218 BCE. Outcomes from the Second Punic War The second Púnic war (herein after referred to as, “the War”) came to a close in 201 BCE, following Scípio’s victory over Hánnibal at the battle of Záma. 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